Ephesus used to be a port city and a very important commercial center. It used to have a very strategic location. It was a religious centre at the early Christian period. It is 20 km to Kusadasi and 17km to Kirazli village.Ephesus was an ancient Greek city of Asia Minor. It was one of the biggest Ionian cities.In 10 BC, the son of King of Athens-Kodros, Androclos, was looking for a location to settle. He was leading a migration convoy. An Apollon oracle predicted that the location to settle would be shown by fish and a boar. After some days, while cooking, the fish fell down from the pan and disturbed a hiding board behind the bushes. Androclos followed the escaping boar and established the city of Ephesus where he killed the boar.The city was ruled by the Lydian king Kreisos in 6 BC and then by the Persians. In the year of 334 BC the Ionian cities got their independence when Alexander the Great beaten the Persians. After Alexander`s death, the city was ruled by his general, Lysimakhos in 287 BC.In 190 BC the city was controlled by the Romans. Then it was given to the kings of Pergamon for some time. After the death of King Attalos in 133 BC the city was again ruled by the Romans.